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|Wales has got two national symbols. These are the daffodil and the leek. |
They are both connected to the Patron Saint of Wales.
According to the legend, during a battle against the Saxons, St. David advised his soldiers to wear leeks in their hats so that they could easily be distinguished from their enemies.
However, today each year on St. David's Day the leek is worn in the cap badges of every soldier in every Welsh regiment.
But outside the army, many other Welsh people have substituted the leek by the daffodil, perhaps because it looks more attractive and certainly smells a lot better.
The daffodil is also associated with St. David's Day, due to the fact that it breaks into blossom on that day. Interesting to note that one of the many Welsh names for a daffodil is "Cenhinen Bedr" which means "Peter's leek".
The Welsh are very proud of their language and culture. These are best preserved in the north and west of the country, for in the south and east they have been more challenged by industrialization (Приложение 2). The west coast, mid Wales and North Wales are wild and beautiful!
Although visitors don't need passports to cross the border from England into Wales they soon realize that they are entering a country with its own distinct geography, culture, traditions and, of course, language (Приложение 3).
Medieval Welsh folklore abounds in stories of heroes who leap on to bubbles without breaking them, of missionary saints who sail the seas on leaves. These legends сare the product of a land whose remote mountains, lakes, windswept cliffs and languid sands still have the power to unfetter the imagination.
Welshem all over the world celebrate St David's Day by wearing either leeks or daffodils. The link between the leek and St David is the belief that he is supposed to have lived for several years on bread and wild leeks.
There is a conclusive evidence that Welshmen wore leeks on St David's Day in Shakespeare's time. In «Henry V» Fluellen tells the King:
«If your Majesty is remembered of it, the Welshmen did good service in a garden where leeks did grow, wearing leeks in their Monmouth caps; which, your Majesty knows, to this hour is an honourable pledge of the service; and I do believe your Majesty takes no scorn to wear the leek upon Saint David's Day!
The daffodil is also associated with St David's Day, due to the belief that it flowers on that day. It became an alternative to the Leek as a Welsh emblem in the present century, because some thought the leek vulgar. The daffodil is a Welsh national emblem because its Welsh name is translated as a type.
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